That is, almost every second school in Ukraine educates children with special educational needs.

That is, almost every second school in Ukraine educates children with special educational needs.

Yes, this is the new Sanitary Regulations for general secondary education, which came into force on January 1, 2021. Now there can be no sodas, no chips, not even sausages at school. Children’s nutrition should be healthy.

Sanitary regulations are an important and necessary document, but I will note at once: if you work at school, you will read more than one paragraph with a smile (not a smile). And the cross-cutting question will be, how realistic is it to fulfill these wonderful requirements?

After all, schools are often old buildings with small rooms, and the walls, as you know, can not be moved. How to keep the distance between the desks? Throw away the extra ones? But then how to put 30 students in a class?

Reading the Sanitary Regulations, you will want to believe in the pre-Christmas miracle – in a fairy tale in which new spacious schools are built and funds are allocated for new equipment. If the sanitary requirements were actually met, the educational environment would be much better …

In order not to go into details, I offer only three important points from the Regulations.

Duration of lessons and breaks. Continuous learning activities of students (duration of classes) may not exceed: 

in the 1st class – 35 minutes; Grades 2-4 – 40 minutes; Grades 5-11 (12) – 45 min.

Homeworks. The duration of tasks for self-preparation of students in extracurricular time is not recommended (note – recommendation) more:

1 hour in grades 3-5; 1.5 hours in grades 6-9; 2 hours – in 10-11 (12) classes.

Students in grades 1-2 are not recommended for mandatory extracurricular activities in extracurricular activities.

Requirements for the organization of work with technical means of training.

The continuous duration of educational activities with TZN during the training session should be:

for 1st grade students – no more than 10 minutes; for students of 2-4 grades – no more than 15 minutes; for students of 5-7 grades – no more than 20 minutes; for students of 8-9 grades – 20-25 minutes; for students of 10-11 (12) classes in the 1st hour of classes up to 30 minutes, in the 2nd hour of classes – 20 minutes.

For dual classes for students of 10-11 (12) grades – no more than 25-30 minutes in the first class and no more than 15-20 minutes in the second class.

Hygienic requirements for buildings and premises. In the case of students’ desks in rows, it is necessary to place furniture in the classroom of a rectangular configuration with the following distances:

between the outer wall and the first row of students’ desks 0.6-0.7 m (0.5 m are allowed in brick buildings); between rows of double desks of students) – not less than 0.6 m; between the third row of students’ desks and the inner wall or cabinets that stand near the wall, not less than 0.7 m; between the front desk of students and the demonstration table not less than 0.8 m; from the front wall with a blackboard to the front desks of students not less than 2.4-2.6 m; from the rear desks of students to the rear wall not less than 0.65 m (if the rear wall is external – not less than 1.0 m); from the back desks of students to the cabinets that stand along the rear edge of the wall – not less than 0.8 m; between the table of the pedagogical worker and the front working table of students – not less than 0.5 m; the greatest distance of the last place from a blackboard – 9 m; the height of the lower edge of the board above the floor for students of the first grade is 0.7-0.8 m, 2-4 grades – 0.75-0.8 m, 5-11 (12) grades – 0.8-0.9 m.

The original

blogsOlesya Kalinich


At the beginning of the 2020/21 school year, more than 25,000 schoolchildren began to study in inclusive classes

Half of the schools children with special needs, – the minister

Almost every second school in Ukraine educates children with special educational needs.

This was announced by Minister of Education and Science Sergei Shkarlet.

According to him, at the beginning of the 2020/21 school year, more than 25,000 schoolchildren began to study in inclusive classes.

“A total of 18,687 inclusive classes have been created in schools. This school year, almost 43% of the total number of schools organized inclusive education. That is, almost every second school in Ukraine educates children with special educational needs. Of course, this figure should reach 100%, and we are moving in this direction, « said the Minister.

In addition, he said that a network of inclusive resource centers operates in Ukraine to conduct a comprehensive psychological and pedagogical assessment of child development and provide assistance in teaching children with special educational needs.

The Minister stressed that inclusive education should first and foremost ensure the right of children to the realization of equal opportunities.


The beginning of training in 1-4 classes will lead to infection of participants of the educational process

The Ministry of Health opposed the premature opening of schools

Premature start of offline education in grades 1-4 will lead to active infection of all participants in the educational process asymptomatically ill.

This was stated during a briefing by Health Minister Maxim Stepanov.

According to him, more than 62,000 children have fallen ill during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine.

In November, this figure was 3.1% of the total number of patients with coronavirus disease, in December it rose to 5.9%.

« The growing share of children in buy compare and contrast essay cheap the total number of COVID-19 patients is a globally dangerous trend, » Stepanov said.

He also recalled that in most cases, COVID-19 in children is asymptomatic.



The festival-competition of pupils ‘and students’ creativity will be held in seven nominations

In Ukraine, a competition dedicated to Lesya Ukrainka will be held

Pupils and students are invited to take part in the VII All-Ukrainian festival-competition of pupil and student creativity named after Maria Fischer-Slizh « Let’s fight for a new life! », Dedicated to Lesya Ukrainka.

Pupils of grades 1-11, students of vocational education institutions, including children with special educational needs, students, as well as authors of TV and radio programs for young people can take part in the competition.

Representatives of public organizations of national minorities of Ukraine (including Crimea) and foreign Ukrainians are also invited to participate.

Competition of pupil and student creativity « Let’s fight for a new life! » (Lesya Ukrainka) was founded in 2004 by the famous public figure Maria Fischer-Slizh (Toronto, Canada). It took place for the first time in the Crimea, simultaneously in Sevastopol, Simferopol and Yalta. Gradually, the Crimean people were joined by representatives of other regions of the country. Now the competition is held on the mainland of Ukraine.

According to the organizers, the creative competition will be held in seven categories: « audiovisual work », « vocal », « recitation », « staging », « drawing », « research work », « composition ».

The event is not commercial, so participation is free.

The position of the festival-competition can be found at the link.

To participate, you must submit an electronic application. Acceptance of applications and competitive works will last from January 25 to February 25, 2021.



The Ministry of Education and Science notes that stereotypes about the role of women and men must change, starting with education

Schools will promote gender equality in Ukraine

Stereotypes about the role of women and men need to change, starting with education.

This was stated by Minister of Education and Science Sergei Shkarlet, commenting on Ukraine’s accession to the international initiative « Biarritz Partnership », which aims to establish equality between women and men.

According to him, that is why the Ministry of Education is one of the subjects of the international initiative « Biarritz Partnership » and fulfills its obligations to promote gender equality.

According to the partnership action plan approved by the Cabinet of Ministers, the Ministry of Education will be responsible for ensuring the implementation of the principles of gender equality in education.

In particular, the plan provides for the development and approval of a Strategy for the implementation of gender equality in education until 2030, approval of an action plan for the implementation of this strategy, as well as the introduction of anti-discrimination expertise of educational content …

In addition, the Ministry of Education notes that the starting point for the introduction of gender equality in educational institutions is the principle of humanization and democratization of the educational process, which includes respect for women and men, non-violence, tolerance, equality between men and women, empowerment and opportunities for women.

As you know, in August 2019, the leaders of the G7 countries at the summit in the French city of Biarritz founded the « Biarritz Partnership ». The aim of the partnership is to consolidate the efforts of the international community and strengthen the responsibility to achieve equality between women and men.


Let unnecessary pseudo-universities be closed, and EIT is the only salvation of education

R. Kharchuk: the struggle for external evaluation in literature is necessary

Author: Roxana Kharchuk, senior researcher at the Department of Shevchenko Studies of the Institute of Literature. TG Shevchenko NAS of Ukraine, editor-in-chief of the magazine « Divoslovo ».

Volodymyr Mykytyuk, an expert on the methodology of teaching Ukrainian literature, is the only intellectual and teacher who reacted to the abolition of the External Examination in Ukrainian Literature in the magazine for teachers of Ukrainian language and literature Dyvoslovo.

I understand that we spent a lot of effort not to integrate Ukrainian literature with foreign literature. Because such a reform would hit teachers, they were outraged. However, the reform, which seems to hit only on Ukrainian literature, in principle suits teachers. Nobody will take away their language.

In fact, they will take it away, because there is no language without literature, it is a single organism, and some will not be enough for the age, contrary to the pragmatic views of many.

However, our teachers do not understand that any blow to their subject is a blow to them. This contempt for the literature of people who can’t connect two sentences, plagiarism ministers, reformers with very low IQs, because only people with very low minds can believe that no one will notice what they have written, is indicative.